|Eugene Gladstone O'Neill
Birthplace: Barrett Hotel, Times Square, New York City, New York, U.S.A.
Education: Princeton, Harvard and Yale
1937 Eugene O'Neill Cycle
1937 The Chase and Sanborn Hour
1938 Lux Radio Theatre
1938 Pulitzer Prize Plays
1939 Campbell Playhouse
1944 Arthur Hopkins Presents
1945 Theater Guild On the Air
1947 Studio One
1947 Ford Theater
Eugene O'Neill circa 1930
Young Master Eugene Gladstone O'Neill circa 1889
O'Neill with his third wife, actress Carlotta Monterey, shortly after their wedding
From the November 11, 1953 edition of The Lima News:
Nobel, Pulitzer Winner
Eugene O'Neill , 65, Dies Of Pneumonia
BOSTON(AP)--Eugene O'Neill, famed playwright and Nobel prize winner died last night at his home of bronchial pneumonia. He was 65.
Funeral services will be private in accordance with his wishes.
Also a three time Pulitzer prize winner in literature, O'Neill had roamed the world for material until recent years when he was stricken with Parkinson's disease. That disease--a form of palsy--gradually cut down his activities until writing became impossible.
Present at his bedside were his third wife, the former Carlotta Monterey, a nurse, and his physician, Dr. Harry L. Kozol who said death was caused by bronchial pneumonia.
HIGH POINT in his long career was in 1936 when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. The award committee did not cite any particular work but O'Neill considered his play "Mourning Becomes Electra" a strong factor in the choice.
That prize was only one of the many honors won by the prolific playwright, who had more than two score plays produced. His Pulitzer Prizes were for "Beyond the Horizon," 1920; "Anna Christie," 1922; and "Strange Interlude," 1928.
On receiving news of O'Neill's death, George Jean Nathan, influential newspaper and magazine drama critic, said in New York the American theater had lost its greatest playwright and "I have lost one of my longest and dearest friends."
Nathan was one of the first to recognize O'Neill's talents and started to open Broadway doors for him in 1917. O'Neill's last Broadway play was "The Iceman Cometh" in 1946.
Other O'Neill plays included "The Emperor Jones," "The Straw," "Desire Under the Elms," Marco Millions," "Ah, Wilderness," "Days Without End," "The Fountain," and "All God's Chillun Got Wings."
AND HIS one act plays were equally famous. They included "The Long Voyage Home," "The Dreamy Kid," "The Rope," and "Bound East for Cardiff."
After "Days Without End" was produced in 1934, O'Neill was away from the stage until 1936, when "The Iceman Cometh" arrived on Broadway. That drama, laid in a Hell's Kitchen saloon had drunks and bums as main characters, and the iceman was death.
O'Neill's private life at times was almost as turbulent as those of a character in one of his plays. He was married three times, the last in 1929.
His only daughter, Oona, is the wife of movie comedian Charlie Chaplin.
O'Neill first tasted fame at the Wharf Theater in Provincetown, from where he moved to New York's Greenwich Village and then Broadway. His road to fame started with "Bound East for Cardiff," which he read at Provincetown.
He was an inveterate wanderer. In 1909, he prospected for gold in Spanish Honduras but malarial fever forced him to return home. He next toured with a theatrical company as assistant manager and followed that with two years at sea as a crewman "tending mules," as he expressed it.
HE WAS also a cub reporter in New London, Conn., until lung trouble forced him into a sanitarium for six months.
It was during that illness that he decided to write and in the ensuing months he turned out 11 one-act plays and two long ones.
Born in New York City, O'Neill attended Princeton for one year and later was a student in Prof. George Pierce Baker's playwriting classes at Harvard. He was awarded an honorary degree of doctor of literature by Yale University in 1926.
His first wife was Kathleen Jenkins, whom he married in 1909. They had one son, Eugene Jr., who killed himself at Woodstock, N.Y., in 1950. After his divorce in 1912, O'Neill married Agnes Boulton in 1918. They had two children, Shane and Oona. Shane has not been in contact with his father for many years and his whereabouts is unknown.
Divorce also ended that marriage in 1929 and that same year he married Carlotta Monterey.